PSHCE

PSHCE (Personal, Social, Health, Citizenship Education)

The Aims of the PSHCE Programme

At Blenheim High School, we aim to ensure that our students develop personally, emotionally and socially. We aim to ensure that every student has access to the knowledge and skills that will enable them to remain safe and healthy, to contribute positively in any aspect of school life and the wider community, and to enjoy and achieve both in and out of school. 

PSHCE at Blenheim High School seeks to help pupils to:

  • develop confidence, independence, responsibility and personal identity
  • make the most of their abilities
  • reflect on their own and other people's experiences and use and apply their learning in their own lives
  • develop healthy, safe lifestyles
  • develop good relationships and to respect the differences between people
  • develop the knowledge, skills and attitudes that will help them to become effective and active members of the community

Blenheim is committed to building strong links with the wider community, and to provide a better service to the community that we serve. The subject of PSHCE provides an ideal vehicle to enable these links to be made.  The school aims for PSHCE to link our curriculum to the five strands of ‘Every Child Matters’, as well as ensuring that our school priorities are targeted through these subjects.  Much of the programme at Key Stages 3 and 4 is based on the ‘Surrey Healthy Schools’ initiative.  Through participating in our PSHCE sessions, we hope to equip our learners with the personal, learning and thinking skills to become:

  • successful learners who enjoy learning, make progress and achieve 
  • confident individuals who are able to live safe, healthy and fulfilling lives 
  • responsible citizens who make a positive contribution to society 

Our curriculum is designed to provide students with opportunities to learn and achieve as well as promoting the spiritual, moral, social and cultural development of our pupils. It is also intended to provide students with some preparation for adulthood, with the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences that this inevitably brings. 

Delivery and Monitoring

At Key Stages 3 and 4, all students participate in two 20 minute PHSCE sessions per week as a form group.  The sessions are planned by Mr Thornton, Leader of PSHCE, and Mr O’Connor, Assistant Leader of PSHCE. Careers guidance is also incorporated into these sessions and resources for these sessions are provided by our Careers Advisor (Mrs J Watson).

PSHCE sessions are designed to permit form tutors the flexibility to deliver the content via discussion, written work or more commonly a mixture of the two.  Any written work is recorded on a student’s iPad. Work is monitored and assessed by Mr Thornton.  However, the focus is very firmly on quality discussion and meaningful debate rather than written facts and statistics.  Our students are naturally curious about many of the issues that the programme raises, and the majority of tutors feel that discussing them confidentially as a form group serves to develop their relationship with their tutees, whilst nurturing a sense of self-discovery and openness. 

Useful Links

The following websites are used within PSHCE delivery and provide excellent information and support for young people –

PSHCE including Relationships and Sex Education

The guidelines given by Surrey Healthy Schools for Relationships and Sex Education in PSHCE are followed within the restraints of the time available. The themes are designed to be appropriate for the age of the student and offer a progressive programme of experiences throughout the Key Stages. 

  • Year 7 Autumn Term – How to be Healthy. To include introduction to sexual health.

  • Year 7 Spring term – Keeping Healthy – Relationships and Sex  – Families, physical and emotional changes and how to manage these.

  • Year 8 Spring Term – Keeping Healthy – Relationships and Sex. Looking at pressures and influences, communication with others. The Law. Stable relationships. HIV and AIDS including facts and prejudices.

PSHCE & Drugs Education

The guidelines given by Surrey Healthy Schools for Drugs Education in PSHCE are followed within the restraints of the time available. The themes are designed to be appropriate for the age of the student and offer a progressive programme of experiences throughout the Key Stages. 

  • Year 7 – Keeping Healthy – Drugs. Laws and Rules, including school rules. What are they called? What do they look like? Smoking.

  • Year 8 – Keeping Healthy – Drugs.  Legal and illegal drugs.  How drugs affect physical, emotional and mental health.  Available support in school and outside of school. Alcohol.

  • Year 9 – Keeping healthy‐Drugs. Moral responsibilities, rules, laws and consequences, classification of drugs. Long and short term effects. The role of the media, advertising, culture and religion. Support available for young people.

  • Year 10 ‐ Keeping Healthy – Drugs and Stimulants ‐ revisiting

  • Year 11 – Keeping Healthy and staying safe – Drugs and Alcohol

Additional support is also offered to students at Key Stage 3 and 4 with:

  • Small group sessions run by qualified drugs counsellor for students who may be worried by/affected by drug and alcohol related issues.

  • Individual drug/alcohol counselling available in school to work one to one with students on a weekly basis.

It is also hoped to offer guidance to students by inviting outside agencies to run assemblies and aworkshops.

Year 7 PSHCE Overview

Term 1

What is PSHCEE?
  • Intro to PSHCE
  • Creation of charter
  • Introduction of emotional literacy & SEAL skills

How to be healthy

  • Physical, mental, sexual and emotional health
  • How poor behaviours can link to bad outcomes

Keeping healthy – drugs

  • Laws & rules including school rules
  • Effects & risks of drugs & drug use

Relationships & sex education

  • Features of positive & stable, supportive relationships
  • Different types of relationships
  • Families & changes
  • HPV virus & health 

Term 2

Assessing risk 

  • Risky situations including appropriate
  • Inappropriate relationships
  • Bullying
  • Personal safety
  • The internet & e-safety
  • Planning & reducing risk
  • Basic emergency aid

Working together

  • Roles in society
  • Stereotypes
  • Personal goals & aspirations including careers
  • Where to find information, support & help

Money & careers 

  • The history & function of money
  • Values & emotions relating to money
  • Budgeting
  • Spending & saving
  • Setting up & running a business (Enterprise)
  • The link between financial planning & career planning
  • Role models
  • Different types of work
  • Investigation into people’s career paths
  • Personal development & action planning
  • Laws & by-laws

Term 3

My rights & responsibilities 

  • The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
  • Tension between human rights, British law & cultural
  • Religious expectations & practices
  • Slave & child labour
  • Discrimination
  • Qualities of a good friend
  • Positive relationships
  • Caring for others
  • Personal identity & self-esteem
  • Communication 
  • Recognising & developing good listening & speaking skills
  • Knowing the difference between assertive, aggressive & passive

Celebration of achievement

  • Opportunity to reflect upon achievements made over the last year
  • Identifying challenges for the future
  • Celebrating success
  • Recognition of personal and group qualities & achievements

Year 8 PSHCE Overview

Term 1

Setting the scene for learning

  • The values supporting effective PSHCE education – school
  • British values
  • Creation of charter
  • Reflection upon the developments over the last year

Emotional health & wellbeing

  • Recognising how mental & emotional health affects our ability to lead fulfilling lives
  • Self-esteem & confidence – personal strengths & achievements – developing resilience
  • How the media portrays young people
  • Body image
  • Self-harm
  • Health issues
  • Positive sense of self

Keeping healthy – drugs

  • Ways in which drugs are used
  • Positive & negative roles played by drugs in society – law
  • How drugs can affect physical, mental & emotional health
  • The ‘cost’ of drug use
  • Personal & social risks
  • Legal highs – new developments
  • The benefits of not drinking and smoking
  • Personal choices & skills

Relationships & sex education  

  • Influences upon young people & the possible effects on feelings
  • Exploration of feelings & personal qualities
  • Media representation of relationships
  • Nurture & importance of supportive, positive & trusting relationships including marriage & civil partnerships
  • Marriage being a commitment entered into freely, without coercion (potential links to CSE, forced marriage, honour violence, FGM – all TBC)
  • The right to choose – family, children & relationships
  • How the body becomes sexually mature
  • Issues people should think about before entering into a sexual relationship – sex & the law
  • The issue of consent
  • Expectations of having a partner
  • Communicating with others
  • Contraception

Term 2

Staying safe – Assessing & Minimising Risk

  • Internet safety including online purchases, appropriate sources of information, understanding & identifying bias
  • Ways of identifying risk when being online
  • Taking positive action to apply privacy settings – consideration of any personal information it may or may not be suitable to share

Working with others – Roles & Responsibilities

  • Roles & responsibilities of parents, carers & children
  • Building positive relationships
  • Communities
  • Valuing others – appreciating similarities & differences
  • The role of carers (including young carers)
  • Challenging prejudice & discrimination assertively
  • The impact discrimination can have on individuals & communities
  • Understanding dementia & developing empathy

Spending & saving

  • Choices about spending money – including factors which influence our decisions
  • How our decisions affect us
  • Why do we save?
  • How can we save?
  • Exploring different savings products
  • What is interest?
  • Managing money & interest  

Term 3

Express yourself – Emotional Health & Wellbeing

  • Positive ways to manage emotions & behaviour
  • Recognising & dealing positively with your own & other people’s expressions & behaviours
  • Dealing confidently with situations
  • Developing assertion & recognising personal strengths

Careers – Life Skills (1)

  • Recognising own abilities & how others see them
  • Top personality traits, skills, interests & values for your personal profile
  • Learning successfully & skill development
  • Careers progression
  • Personal attitudes required in the work place
  • The development of a personal work ethic
  • Transferable skills that promote employability
  • Manage own progression in learning & work
  • Influences & diversity – making personal choices
  • Matching personal strengths to opportunities in learning & work
  • Exploring jobs
  • Exploring pathways
  • How to make ‘good’ decisions – objective setting, outcome planning etc.
  • Communication skills & active listening

Careers – Life Skills (2)

  • Decision-making styles
  • Influences & influencers
  • Elimination strategies
  • Cooperation
  • Negotiation
  • Managing setback & compromise
  • Future opportunities & research development
  • Updating ‘support network’ from Year 7
  • Responding to problem situations

Signposting to support

  • Available support for young people
  • Recognising when help is needed
  • Local & national agencies for young people
  • Important websites to use
  • School support

Reflection

  • Achievement & success over the year
  • Skill, knowledge & attitude/value development

Year 9 PSHCE Overview

Term 1

How to be an effective team 

  • Identifying personal strengths
  • Roles within groups
  • Team bonding & communication skills
  • Creation of charter
  • Aspirations & goal setting for the year ahead
  • Underlying supportive values & meeting emotional needs
  • Self-respect & self-awareness
  • Understanding consent & respect in a holistic sense
  • Ways of dealing with pressure, achieving cohesion in a range of situations
  • Being aware of the ‘bystander’ effect & how bystanders can act positively 

Making informed choices about health

  • Supporting healthy living
  • Looking at what influences our decisions, including the role of the media, peer pressure & peer influence
  • Food labelling & understanding what is meant by a balanced diet – the Eat Well Plate
  • Links between mental & physical health – including strategies for dealing with anxiety/stress & the links to activity
  • Dealing with changes such as loss, separation, divorce & bereavement
  • Understanding & recognising bias – both on & off line (e-safety)
  • Understanding health information & statistics

Keeping Healthy – Drugs

  • Moral responsibilities, rules, laws & consequences
  • Classification of drugs
  • Short & long term effects of drugs
  • Negotiation, communication & assertiveness skills
  • Understanding the dangers of passive smoking
  • The role of the media, advertising, culture & religion
  • Understanding the feelings & pressures that can be generated by seeking peer approval in relation to the purchase & use of drugs (tobacco & alcohol)
  • Strategies to manage peer pressure/peer influence & make informed positive decisions
  • Consider the terms – habit, dependence & addiction – in relation to drug use
  • Who to talk to if any concerns
  • Support available for young people (Catch 22) 

Term 2

Careers (will start in previous term)

  • Understanding & researching different courses, jobs & career paths based on subject interests & linked to aspirations/Y9 option choice process
  • The importance of lifelong learning
  • The benefits & limitations behind a variety of work structures & environments
  • Trends in employment
  • Types of remuneration packages
  • How wages & salaries are calculated
  • Being able to calculate take-home pay
  • Pensions – state, private & workplace
  • Available advice & support

Relationships & sex education

  • Responsible & respectful attitudes & positive messages in relationships.
  • CSE
  • Forced marriage
  • Honour violence
  • Domestic/teenage abuse
  • The importance of friendship, core values & communication
  • Recognition of diversity in sexual attraction & developing sexuality.
  • Sexual identity.
  • Different levels of intimacy & possible consequences.
  • Sexual consent – legal age of consent
  • The meaning of consent, seeking consent, giving, or withholding consent
  • Reasons to delay having sex – readiness for a sexual relationship 
  • Different forms of contraception
  • How to use condoms correctly
  • How condoms protect against pregnancy & STIs.
  • HPV virus
  • HIV & AIDS, including facts & prejudice
  • Support for young people 

Recognising & calculating risk

  • Positive & negative risks
  • Financial risks – spending, saving, borrowing & insurance
  • Financial needs VS. wants
  • Laws around carrying offensive weapons – range of consequences
  • Differences between families, friendships and gangs – the impact on individuals, families & communities
  • Positive supportive friendships & relationships – core empowering values
  • Health-related risks – balanced diets & the need for healthy mind & body
  • Support services available & how to access them

Term 3

Valuing ourselves & others

  • Rights & responsibilities.
  • Critical friendships & the advice of others
  • Exploitation, stereotyping & gender roles (including careers)
  • Self-esteem & assertiveness
  • Hoe self-esteem can change with personal circumstances
  • Body image & empathy with others
  • Eating disorders – recognising when we may need help

Managing money

  • Budgeting for independent living
  • Spending & saving – currency, exchange rates & the effects of currency fluctuations
  • Advantages/Disadvantages of different ways of paying for goods & services.
  • Loans – secured & unsecured.
  • Purchase agreements
  • Choosing & using a bank account
  • Debt & the causes of debt
  • Understanding credit & the impact of minimum payments on credit cards
  • Consumer rights & responsibilities 

Enterprise – skills development

  • The context of business & managing finance
  • Implementing & adapting new ideas in changing circumstances
  • Preparing to enter KS4
  • Addressing hopes, aspirations, concerns, fears & worries
  • Identifying strategies, including peer support, to overcome issues

Success

  • Main points from the year
  • Opportunity to reflect & evaluate accomplishments

Year 10 PSHCE Overview

Term 1

My Journey

  • Creation of charter
  • Understanding confidentiality & that problems/concerns should not be kept secret
  • Identifying personal strengths & ways ahead
  • Evaluate the extent to which self-confidence can be affected positively &/or negatively by the judgement of others
  • Differences between constructive feedback & unhelpful criticism/judgements
  • Addressing hopes, aspirations, concerns & fears identified in Y9
  • Using strategies to support/manage anxiety, strong emotions & feelings
  • Characteristics of positive relationships – support, equality, honesty & trust.
  • Forming different types of relationships, maintaining relationships & if appropriate ending relationships respectfully

Health & wellbeing

  • Positive strategies to support & enhance physical, mental, sexual & emotional health
  • Characteristics of emotional & mental health
  • Symptoms, treatment & supportive strategies of some mental & emotional health disorders
  • Recognising positive feelings & managing negative feelings
  • Turning unpleasant emotions & feelings into more pleasurable ones
  • Having a positive sense of self – cultivating hope & optimism
  • Health risks related to cosmetic procedures & other related concerns

Drugs

  • Long & short term health risks of alcohol, tobacco & other drug use
  • Effects upon the individual & wider community – including the environment
  • Units of alcohol & binge drinking
  • Understanding the terms – habit, dependence & addiction
  • Sources of help & support
  • Making positive choices
  • Personal safety, reducing risk & minimising harm
  • Assertiveness skills to resist unhelpful pressure & influence
  • Communicating effectively with others including family & friends
  • Basic emergency first aid & how to access emergency services

Term 2

  • Risk & negotiation
  • Internet & mobile phone safety
  • Importance of communication, trust, honesty & respect in positive & healthy online/offline relationships
  • An awareness of exploitation
  • Knowing how to respond to online/offline bullying &/or exploitation
  • Managing unwanted or inappropriate attention in a variety of contexts
  • Setting appropriate rules & boundaries 
  • Financial risks
  • Comparing & contrasting services & goods effectively in order to make informed decisions

 Relationships & sex education  

  • Identifying whether relationships are positive, or not positive – providing reasoning & understand related characteristics.
  • Qualities & values within positive & healthy relationships
  • Effectively managing the ending of relationships
  • Sexual risk taking – positive actions to reduce risk
  • Commitment with coercion or manipulation
  • The unacceptability of emotional &/or physical abuse or violence – including honour based violence, forced marriage, rape & CSE
  • How to access support both in school & through appropriate local & national services
  • Consent & the law
  • Assessing when a sexual relationship is, or not appropriate
  • Addressing gender stereotypes
  • Exploring values such as trust, care, equality, honesty, consideration, support, kindness, self-respect & respect for others
  • Respect for faith, cultural expectations & beliefs when considering positive relationships & sexual activity
  • Range of contraception choices
  • STIs including HIV & AIDS
  • How to protect yourself & others from infection
  • Links between sexual activity & drug use
  • Consequences of unprotected sex
  • Effects & consequences of unintended pregnancy
  • Parenthood
  • Reasons why parents choose to adopt/foster or place children for fostering/adoption
  • Abortion – including current laws
  • Possible pathways in the event of an unintended pregnancy
  • How lifestyle choices can affect a foetus
  • Parenting skills & qualities – their central importance to family life

Supporting myself & others

  • Considering personal and group needs
  • Recognising prejudice & discrimination & how to challenge this assertively in a variety of situations
  • Explore personal attitudes towards equalities & diversity
  • Using empathy & understanding to value differences within communities & groups
  • To think critically about extremism & intolerance in a variety of forms
  • To recognise the shared responsibility to protect the community from violent extremism & how to respond to anything that causes anxiety or concern

Term 3

Money matters

  • Calculating of earnings & benefits
  • Consider attitudes, skills & qualities necessary for a variety of different jobs
  • Student finance & loans
  • Estimated costs of essential & aspirational items, discussing how these may be paid for in the future by students
  • Explore some of the financial implications of illness, life choices, priorities & circumstances
  • Interpreting bills & personal finance statements
  • How & why interest rates vary over time
  • Risks & benefits of different kinds of finance
  • Calculating compound interests & the significance of APR & AER

Experiences of work

  • Understand self & own personal strengths & areas for development – be able to use this information to set appropriate goals, targets & aspirations
  • About how their interests, strengths, skills & qualities are developing & changing, & how these relate to employability & choices.
  • Understanding career paths
  • Explore how changes in learning & work might affect future prospects
  • Skills analysis & strategies foe development & achieving aspirations
  • Legal advice
  • Attitudes & values in relation to work & enterprise
  • Confidentiality in the workplace, when it should be kept & when it might need to be broken
  • Exploring problems & situations that arise in learning & work considering possible solutions

Experiences of work cont.

  • A range of activities to be planned by careers Advisor – these include business games to promote team-building skills, preparing CVs, enterprise activities etc.
  • Further develop study & employability skills such as, time management, self-organisation, presentation, project management, team-working, networking & managing online presence

Understanding the needs of others  

  • Use research skills to explore local, national & international charities
  • Develop & carry out a project plan to support a chosen charity, giving reasons why the charity was chosen
  • Project plan to demonstrate the knowledge, skills & attitudes acquired & developed throughout the year
  • Evaluate the project

Year 11 PSHCE Overview

Term 1 

Careers focused 

Term 2

Health & wellbeing

  • Positive strategies to support & enhance physical, mental, sexual & emotional health
  • Characteristics of emotional & mental health
  • Symptoms, treatment & supportive strategies of some mental & emotional health disorders
  • Recognising positive feelings & managing negative feelings
  • Turning unpleasant emotions & feelings into more pleasurable ones
  • Having a positive sense of self – cultivating hope & optimism
  • Health risks related to cosmetic procedures & other related concerns

Drugs

  • Long & short term health risks of alcohol, tobacco & other drug use
  • Effects upon the individual & wider community – including the environment
  • Units of alcohol & binge drinking
  • Understanding the terms – habit, dependence & addiction
  • Sources of help & support
  • Making positive choices
  • Personal safety, reducing risk & minimising harm
  • Assertiveness skills to resist unhelpful pressure & influence
  • Communicating effectively with others including family & friends
  • Basic emergency first aid & how to access emergency services

Term 3

Risk & negotiation

  • Internet & mobile phone safety
  • Importance of communication, trust, honesty & respect in positive & healthy online/offline relationships
  • An awareness of exploitation
  • Knowing how to respond to online/offline bullying &/or exploitation
  • Managing unwanted or inappropriate attention in a variety of contexts
  • Setting appropriate rules & boundaries 
  • Financial risks
  • Comparing & contrasting services & goods effectively in order to make informed decisions

 Relationships & sex education  

  • Identifying whether relationships are positive, or not positive – providing reasoning & understand related characteristics.
  • Qualities & values within positive & healthy relationships
  • Effectively managing the ending of relationships
  • Sexual risk taking – positive actions to reduce risk
  • Commitment with coercion or manipulation
  • The unacceptability of emotional &/or physical abuse or violence – including honour based violence, forced marriage, rape & CSE
  • How to access support both in school & through appropriate local & national services
  • Consent & the law
  • Assessing when a sexual relationship is, or not appropriate
  • Addressing gender stereotypes
  • Exploring values such as trust, care, equality, honesty, consideration, support, kindness, self-respect & respect for others
  • Respect for faith, cultural expectations & beliefs when considering positive relationships & sexual activity
  • Range of contraception choices
  • STIs including HIV & AIDS
  • How to protect yourself & others from infection
  • Links between sexual activity & drug use
  • Consequences of unprotected sex
  • Effects & consequences of unintended pregnancy
  • Parenthood
  • Reasons why parents choose to adopt/foster or place children for fostering/adoption
  • Abortion – including current laws
  • Possible pathways in the event of an unintended pregnancy
  • How lifestyle choices can affect a foetus
  • Parenting skills & qualities – their central importance to family life

PSHCE Websites